Genealogie Bos

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30 Nov 2013

Juliane of Salm gave birth within 2½ months of her marriage

On 18-11-1642 the Wittelsbacher Count Palatine Georg Wilhelm (1591-1669) divorced Countess Juliane of Salm (1616-±1647) because she had given birth within only 2½ months of their marriage. 

Juliane of Salm was the youngest daughter of Johann (1582-1630), Wild- und Rheingraf in Grumbach und Rheingrafenstein and Countess Anna Juliane von Mansfeld (1591-±1626), thus Juliane had been an orphan since around the age of 14.

Birkenfeld Castle

Juliane married Count Palatine George Wilhelm on 30-11-1641 in his castle in Birkenfeld. He was 25 years her senior. Juliane gave birth within 2½ months of the wedding ceremony on 14-2-1642. The child had been fathered by Count Johann Ludwig of Salm-Dhaun (1620-1673) who belonged to another branche of the same family. On 30-10-1643, however, Johan Ludwig married another relative instead, Elisabeth of Salm-Neuviller (1620-1653).

The family tree below shows how Johan Ludwig was related to both his mistress Juliana and his wife Elisabeth:

  Philipp Franz
Friedrich I
Adolph Heinrich
Johann Christoph
Johann Georg
Wolfgang Friedrich
of Salm-Neuviller

Johan Ludwig
of Salm-Dhaun

of Salm-Grumbach

Georg Wilhelm (to the right) was Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. His first wife, Dorothea of Solms (1586-1625), had died shortly after giving birth to their sixth child. After George Wilhelm married and divorced Juliane of Salm, he was married in 1648 to Countess Elisabeth Anna of Oettingen (1603-1673), widow of general Gottfried Heinrich zu Pappenheim (1594-1632). His name forms the key part of the Czech, Flemish, Dutch, Scandinavian and German colloquialism "I know my fellow Pappenheims". It is used to imply tongue-in-cheek that someone has, is or will be acting in a way that is completely expected. Also the form of rapier called the pappenheimee is named after him.
Sources:, A. Thiele: Erzählende Genealogische Stammtafeln zu europäischen Geschichte Band I, Teilband 1, Deutsche Kaiser-, Königs-, Herzogs- und Grafenhäuser I, 3. Auflage,


  1. I didn't know this story, Joan, so looked up more details in *L'Allemagne Dynastique*, volume IV, Wittlesbach. What a tragedy it was for Juliane, who gave birth to a little girl, who disappeared in mysterious circumstances. What a vengeful man Georg Wilhelm was in all this affair. I'm amazed that Georg Wilhelm, who had seen his wife pregnant six times, didn't realize that Juliane must have been about 6 1/2 months pregnant before the wedding ceremony. Couldn't he have cancelled the marriage and sent Juliane quietly away?

  2. "In the autumn of 1723, the Queen did not feel well. On November 8, she was seized by aches and flatulence and the next day, to everybody's - and especially her own - surprise, she gave birth to her twelfth child. Not having recognized the symptoms after 11 pregnancies, she was a laughing-stock for a while." This quote is from my mad monarchs website. It's about the rather fat wife of King Frederick Wiliam I of Prussia. If she didn't recognize the pregnancy herself, it's possible George Wilhelm didn't notice it in his bride either & male pride must have made him vengeful. I coun't find any details on the child, either.


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